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1 Graeber, David (2011). Debt: The First 5,000 Years. Melville House Publishing. p.109.
2 Sundeen, Mark (2012). The Man who Quit Money. Riverhead.
3 Smith, Adam (1776). The Wealth of Nations. Penguin Classics: New edition, 1982.
4 Fiat money is currency that has been declared by a government to be legal tender (i.e. it must be accepted as a form of payment within the borders of a country, for both private and public debts), but which has no intrinsic value in itself and whose value is derived from people’s faith in it.
5 Eisenstein, Charles (2011). Sacred Economics: Money, Gift and Society in the Age of Transition. Evolver Editions. p.79.
6 Boyle, Mark (2010). The Moneyless Man: A Year of Freeconomic Living. Oneworld: Oxford.
7 Watts, Alan (1975). Psychotherapy East and West. Vintage.
8 Rand, Ayn (1964). The Virtue of Selfishness. Signet.
9 Eisenstein, Charles (2007). The Ascent of Humanity. Panenthea.
10 The understanding of this process of separation is crucial to anyone seeking to understand how we arrived at where we are today. Charles Eisenstein’s The Ascent of Humanity is a seminal work in this respect, and essential reading on this subject. It is also available on the internet in “the spirit of the gift” that Eisenstein himself puts so courageously into practice.
11 Griffiths, Jay (2000). Pip Pip. Flamingo. p.14.
12 Everett, Daniel (2009). Don’t Sleep, There are Snakes: Life and Language in the Amazonian Jungle.
Profile Books.
13 Eisenstein, Charles (2007). The Ascent of Humanity. Panenthea. p.206.
14 Eisenstein, Charles (2011). Sacred Economics: Money, Gift and Society in the Age of Transition. Evolver Editions.
15 Hyde, Lewis (1983). The Gift: Imagination and the Erotic Life of Property. Vintage: New York.
16 Prieur, Ran. http://ranprieur.com/archives/009.html
17 Atwood, Margaret (2008). Payback: Debt and the Shadow Side of Wealth. House of Anansi Press. 2nd edition.
18 Graeber, David (2011). Debt: The First 5,000 Years. Melville House Publishing. p.92.
19 For more information about DEFRA, go to www.defra.gov.uk
20 For the full article on the BBC News website, go to www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-17353707
21 Trainer, Ted (2007). Renewable Energy Cannot Sustain a Consumer Society. Springer. pp.7-8.
22 Jensen, Derrick (2006). Endgame: The Problem of Civilisation Volume I. Seven Stories Press, U.S. 1st edition.
23 Thoreau, Henry David (1863). ‘Life without Principle’. The Atlantic Monthly. Vol. 12, Issue 71. pp.484-495.
24 For more information on the Dunbar number, go to www.guardian.co.uk/technology/2010/ mar/14/my-brightidea-robin-dunbar
25 Graeber, David (2011). Debt: The First 5,000 Years. Melville House Publishing. pp.22-28.
26 To read the full study, go to www.guardian.co.uk/uk/series/reading-the-riots
27 Norberg-Hodge, Helena (1991). Ancient Futures: Learning from Ladakh. Sierra Club Books: San Francisco. pp.101-102.
28 Lovelock, James (2006). The Revenge of Gaia. Penguin. Gaia theory, a term coined by James Lovelock and named after the primordial Earth goddess from ancient Greek mythology, propounds that all organisms and their inorganic surroundings on Earth are integrated to form a self-regulating system, and includes ‘both animate and inanimate parts’.
29 Eisenstein, Charles (2011). Sacred Economics: Money, Gift and Society in the Age of Transition. Evolver Editions. p.16.
30 Doctorow, Cory (2010). Down and Out in the Magic Kingdom. Harper Voyager. In this book, a Whuffie is a reputation based currency within a post-scarcity economy where everything is free.
31 Graeber, David (2011). Debt: The First 5,000 Years. Melville House Publishing. p.130.
32 For more information about Freeconomy, go to www.justfortheloveofit.org
33 Shuman, Michael (2000). Going Local: Creating Self-Reliant Communities in a Global Age. Routledge.
34 North, Peter (2010). Local Money. Green Books.
35 For more information about the Transition network, go to www.transitionnetwork.org
36 For more information about Timebanks, go to www.timebanking.org
37 For more information about LETS, go to www.letslinkuk.net
38 For more information about The Zeitgeist Movement, go to www.thezeitgeistmovement.com
39 For more information about The Venus Project, go to www.thevenusproject.com
40 Built-in obsolescence is a concept in which manufacturers deliberately shorten the lifespan of their products in order to ensure that their customers keep having to buy new ones.
41 For more information about the ideas and philosophies of Peter Joseph, go to www.whoispeterjoseph.com
42 For more information about The Happy Planet Index, go to www.happyplanetindex.org
43 For more information about the New Economics Foundation (NEF), go to www.neweconomics.org
44 Helena Norberg-Hodge, winner of the Right Livelihood Award, is an analyst of the impact of the global economy on the cultures of people around the world, and a pioneer of the localisation movement. She has also produced another award winning documentary, ‘The Economics of Happiness’, www.theeconomicsofhappiness.org
45 You can watch Helena Norberg-Hodge’s film ‘Ancient Futures – Learning from Ladakh’ online for free at http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=-7846941319183318053
46 For more information about Shaun Chamberlin, founder of Dark Optimism, go to www.darkoptimism.org
47 Chamberlin, Shaun (2009). The Transition Timeline: for a local, resilient future. Green Books.
48 Abraham Maslow, in his book titled Motivation and Personality, proposed a theory known as ‘Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs’. Normally illustrated as a pyramid, this hierarchy suggests that people are motivated to meet their basic needs first and then increasing levels of advanced needs once the previous level of needs have been sufficiently met. At the bottom you have physiological needs such as food water and sex, and above that are layers labelled safety, love/belonging, esteem and (at the top) self-actualisation, which includes elements such as morality, creativity and spontaneity.
49 For more information about Peace Pilgrim, go to www.peacepilgrim.org
50 Suelo, Daniel. ‘Zero Currency blog’. http://zerocurrency.blogspot.com
51 For more information about Resurgence magazine, go to www.resurgence.org
52 Kumar, Satish (2000). No Destination: Autobiography of an Earth Pilgrim. Green Books. 2nd revised edition.
53 Astikainen, Tomi. The Sunhitcher is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License, and is free to read online at www.tomiastikainen.com
54 For more information about Jurgen Wagner, go to www.holistic-love.net
55 For more information about Forward the Revolution, go to www.forwardtherevolution.net
56 Kruse, Sonja. ‘Ubuntu in Abundance blog’. www.letterdash.com/skruse
57 For more information about Adin Van Ryneveld, go to www.adin.co.za
58 For more information about Elf Pavlik and his project, go to http://moneyless.info
59 For more information on Julez Edward, go to http://worldtripforever.com
60 The phrase ‘low-impact dwelling’ usually refers to the minimal ecological impact of such a home on its landscape and the planet. However, I prefer to think of these dwellings as ‘high-impact’, in that they can provide inspirational examples of solutions to the myriad challenges we face for all those who come into contact with them.
61 According to the UN Environment Programme.
62 Johnstone, Chris (2010). Find Your Power. Permanent Publications. 2nd edition.
63 Macy, Joanna; Johnstone, Chris (2012). Active Hope. New World Library.
64 Black, D. (2007). ‘A Review of Compulsive Buying Disorder’. World Psychiatry, Vol.6, Number 1 pp.14-18.
65 Cahill, Kevin (2002). Who Owns Britain: The Hidden Facts Behind Landownership in the UK and Ireland. Canongate.
66 Simon Fairlie is the editor of The Land magazine and founder of Chapter 7. For more information on Chapter 7, go to www.tlio.org.uk/chapter7
67 Monbiot, George (1994). ‘The Tragedy of Enclosure’. www.monbiot.com/1994/01/01/the-tragedy -ofenclosure
68 Rosen, Nick (2007). How to Live Off-grid. Bantam. 3rd edition. p.31.
69 Author of Low Impact Development: Planning and People in a Sustainable Countryside.
70 Report by the Ecological Land Coop, ‘Small is successful’. www.ecologicalland.coop/projects-small -successful
71 For more information about Chapter 7, go to www.tlio.org.uk/chapter7
72 For a copy of the DIY Planning Handbook, or free planning advice from Chapter 7, go to www. tlio.org.uk/chapter7/planningadvice
73 For more information about the Ecological Land Cooperative, go to www.ecologicalland.coop
74 For more information about Lammas, go to www.lammas.org.uk
75 Sugden, Chrissie (2011). ‘How To Get Planning Permission on Non-Development Land’. www.permaculture.co.uk/articles/how-get-planning-permission-non-development-land
76 For more information about Free and Real, go to www.freeandreal.org
77 For more information on the Freeman on the Land movement, go to The People’s United Community (TPUC) website at www.tpuc.org
78 For more information about Simon and Jasmine Dale’s house in Lammas, go to www.simondale.net/house
79 For more information about Association Ardheia, go to http://ardheia.free.fr
80 Jensen, Derrick (2006). Endgame: The Problem of Civilisation Volume I. Seven Stories Press, U.S. 1st edition. p.149.
81 Gibran, Kahlil (1923). The Prophet. Pan. 4th edition.
82 Ray, Rebecca; Schmitt, John (2007). ‘No-vacation Nation USA – a comparison of leave and holiday in OECD countries’. www.law.harvard.edu/programs/lwp/papers/No_Holidays.pdf
83 Lo, Alpha; Bevington, Alden (2008). The Open Collaboration Encyclopedia. Pioneer Imprints.
2.1 edition.
84 For more information about HelpX, or to join, go to www.helpx.net
85 North, Peter (2010). Local Money. Green Books. p.70.
86 For more information about Swapaskill, or to join, go to www.swapaskill.com
87 For more information about LocalSkillSwap, or to join, go to www.localskillswap.com
88 Derrick Jensen is the author of Endgame (2006, Seven Stories Press), A Language Older Than Words
(2002, Souvenir Press), The Culture of Make Believe (2004, Chelsea Green) amongst many others.
89 Mears, Ray (2001). Outdoor Survival Handbook: A Guide To The Resources And Materials Available In The Wild and How To Use Them For Food, Shelter,Warmth and Navigation. Ebury Press.
90 Mears, Ray (2003). Essential Bushcraft. Hodder & Stoughton.
91 Wiseman, John Lofty (2006). SAS Survival Handbook. Harper Collins.
92 For more information about Will Lord, flint kanpping or his courses, go to www.beyond2000bc.co.uk
93 For more information about Freegle, or to join, go to http://uk.freecycle.org
94 For more information about Freecycle (UK), or to join, go to http://uk.freecycle.org For Freecycle Global go to www.freecycle.org
95 For more information about Books for Free and Healthy Planet, go to www.healthyplanet.org
96 For the full article, go to www.dailyecho.co.uk/news/features/living/9428232.A__shop__giving_ away_free_books_has_come_to_Southampton
97 For more information about The Really Really Free Market, go to www.reallyreallyfree.org
98 If you want to set up a Really Really Free Market, go to www.reallyreallyfree.org/index.php?l=startrrfm
for advice.
99 For more information about Streetbank, or to join, go to www.streetbank.com
100 For more information about FavorTree, or to join, go to www.favortree.com
101 For more information about LetsAllShare, or to join, go to http://letsallshare.com
102 For more information about Ecomodo, or to join, go to http://ecomodo.com
103 Figures according to the Women’s Environmental Network (WEN). For more information about WEN, go to www.wen.org.uk
104 For more information about Elimination Communication, go to www.nappyfreebaby.co.uk/ what-is-elimination-communication
105 For more information about ReaditSwapit, or to join, go to www.readitswapit.co.uk
106 For more information about Bookmooch, or to join, go to http://bookmooch.com
107 For more information about Bookhopper, or to join, go to www.bookhopper.com
108 For more information about Bookcrossing, or to join, go to www.bookcrossing.com
109 Boyle, Mark (2010). The Moneyless Man. Oneworld, Oxford. pp.102-103.
110 Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall is a broadcaster, writer and smallholder based in the UK, and is the founder of River Cottage.
111 For more information about Landshare, or to join, go to www.landshare.net
112 For more information on WWOOFing, or to join the organisation, go to www.wwoof.org
113 For more information on the New Local Government Network, go to www.nlgn.org.uk/public
114 Hope, Nick; Ellis, Victoria (2009). ‘Can you dig it?’ www.nlgn.org.uk/public/wp-content/ uploads/can-you-dig-it
115 For the full briefing, go to www.parliament.uk/briefing-papers/SN00887.pdf
116 For the full article, go to www.lep.co.uk/news/pensioners_turn_wasteland_into_a_haven_1_70109
117 For more information about the Capital Growth project, go to www.capitalgrowth.org
118 For more information about Eastside Roots, go to www.eastsideroots.org.uk
119 For more information about Embercombe, go to www.embercombe.co.uk
120 Macartney, Tim (2007). Finding Earth Finding Soul. Green Books. For more information go to www.timmacmacartney.co.uk
121 An English version of Eurotopia is available at www.eurotopia.de/english.html
122 To watch a video about Lakabe, go to www.faircompanies.com/videos/view/medieval-spanish-ghost -townnow-self-sufficient-ecovillage
123 Holmgren, David (2009). Future Scenarios. Green Books.
124 Holmgren, David (2011). Permaculture: Principles and Pathways Beyond Sustainability. Permanent Publications.
125 Mollison, Bill; Holmgren, David (1978). Permaculture One. Corgi.
126 For the scope of permaculture design solutions see Mollison, Bill (1988). Permaculture: A Designers’ Manual. Tagari.
127 For an explanation of systems thinking and design principles of permaculture see Holmgren, David (2002). Permaculture: Principles and Pathways Beyond Sustainability. Permanent Publications. For a summary of the book download The Essence of Permaculture from www.holmgren.com.au/html/ Writings/Writings.html
128 Barclay, Christopher (2012). ‘Allotments’. p.5. www.parliament.uk/briefing-papers/SN00887.pdf
129 This quote was taken from the following article in The Independent. www.independent.co.uk/ life-style/houseand-home/gardening/the-big-question-should-landowners-be-forced-to-give-upspace-for-allotments-1787352.html
130 Figures according to research by the American Water Works Association.
131 Fore more information about Power Off weekends, go to www.guardian.co.uk/environment/ green-livingblog/2010/mar/16/power-off
132 Fore more information about Slow Sundays, go to www.resurgence.org/take-part/slow-sunday.html
133 Fore more information about how to make a bicycle powered smoothie maker, go to www.instructables.com/id/How-to-create-a-human-powered-bike-blender-for-les 134 For more information about Transition Heathrow, go to www.transitionheathrow.com
135 This quote was taken from the Grow Heathrow website. For more information, go to www.transitionheathrow.com/grow-heathrow
136 For more information about the Advisory Service for Squatters, go to www.squatter.org.uk
137 Kahn, Lloyd; Easton, B. (2000). Shelter. Shelter Publications Inc.,U.S.; 2nd revised edition.
138 Kahn, Lloyd (2004). Home Work: Handbuilt Shelter. Shelter Publications Inc., U.S. Illustrated edition.
139 Kahn, Lloyd (2012). Tiny Homes: Simple Shelter. Shelter Publications Inc., U.S.; 1st edition.
140 For more information about Earthships, go to http://earthship.com
141 For more information about Earth bag construction, go to www.earthbagstructures.com/basics/
stepbystep.htm 142 Jones, Barbara (2009). Building with Straw Bales: A Practical Guide for the UK and Ireland.
Green Books.
143 Oehler, Mike (1982). The $50 and Up Underground House Book. Mole Publishing Co.
144 Pearson, David (2001). Circle Houses: Yurts, Tipis and Benders. Chelsea Green.
145 Horning, Jonathan (2009). Simple Shelters: Tents, Tipis, Yurts, Domes and Other Ancient Homes. Wooden Books.
146 To learn more about how to build a bender, go to www.stewardwood.org/resources/DIYbender. htm
147 Wrench, Tony (2008). Building a Low Impact Roundhouse. Permanent Publications.
148 Steinfeld, Carol (2010). Liquid Gold: The Lore and Logic of Using Urine to Grow Plants. Green Books. 2nd revised edition. p.3.
149 The word ‘humility’ comes from the same semantic root as ‘humus’, interestingly, which is exactly what thermophilic composting should create from raw humanure.
150 Scott, Nicky (2010). How to Make and Use Compost: The Ultimate Guide. Green Books.
151 Dick Kitto is the author of Composting: The Organic Natural Way (1988, Thorsons), as well as many other books on organic gardening, education and compost.
152 Jenkins, Joseph (2006). The Humanure Handbook: A Guide to Composting Human Manure. Jenkins Publishing, U.S. 3rd revised edition. For more information, go to http://humanurehandbook. com
153 To read The Humanure Handbook online for free, go to http://humanurehandbook.com/ contents.html
154 Pilkington, George (2005). Composting with Worms: Why Waste Your Waste. Eco-logic Books.
155 McConnell, Campbell R.; Brue, Stanley L. (2005). Economics: Principles, Problems and Policies. McGraw-Hill Irwin. p.3.
156 For more information about Fergus Drennan and his foraging courses, go to www.wildmanwildfood .co.uk
157 Kennedy, David (1993). Leaf Concentrate: A Field Guide for Small Scale Programmes. It is available free online at: www.leafforlife.org/PDFS/english/Leafconm.pdf
158 Figures according to The Mammals Trust.
159 Snyder, Gary (1990). The Practice of the Wild. Counterpoint. p.10.
160 Jared Diamond is the author of many books including Guns, Germs and Steel: A Short History of Everybody for the Last 13,000 Years (1998, Vintage) and Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed (2011, Penguin). He is also Professor of Geography and Physiology at UCLA.
161 Diamond, Jared. ‘The Worst Mistake in the History of the Human Race’. www.ditext.com/diamond/ mistake.html
162 Strickland, Sue (2001). Back Garden Seed Saving: Keeping Our Vegetable Heritage Alive. Eco-logic Books.
163 Hamilton, Dave (2011). Grow your Food for Free (well almost). Green Books.
164 Dowding, Charles (2009). Organic Gardening: The Natural No-dig Way. Green Books. p.166.
165 Whitefield, Patrick (2004). The Earth Care Manual. Permanent Publications. pp.197-198.
166 To learn more about how to grow food through the hungry gap, read Charles Dowding’s How to Grow Winter Vegetables (2011, Green Books).
167 Crawford, Martin (2012). How to Grow Perennial Vegetables: Low-maintenance, Low-impact Vegetable Gardening. Green Books
168 For more information about Steph Hafferty and her work, go to www.stephaniehafferty.co.uk
169 Martin Crawford is the director of the Agroforestry Research Trust. He also runs courses, a demonstration site, a larger research forest garden, and a mail order business for plants that are useful for forest gardening.
170 Crawford, Martin (2010). Creating a Forest Garden: Working with Nature to Grow Edible Crops. Green Books. p.60.
171 For more information about The Agroforestry Research Trust, go to www.agroforestry.co.uk
172 Crawford, Martin (2010). Creating a Forest Garden: Working with Nature to Grow Edible Crops. Green Books.
173 Dowding, Charles (2011). How to Grow Winter Vegetables. Green Books. For more information about Charles Dowding, go to www.charlesdowding.co.uk
174 For more information about guerrilla gardening go to www.guerrillagardening.org/ggwar.html
175 For more facts about levels of food waste, go to Tristram Stuart’s (author of Waste: Uncovering the Global Food Scandal) website at: www.tristramstuart.co.uk
176 For more information on this case and the legal issues around ‘skipping’, go to www.bbc.co.uk/ news/magazine-13037808
177 For more information on the British Hen Welfare Trust, go to www.bhwt.org.uk
178 Organisations such as Margaret Green Animal Rescue will help you rehome cockerels and other birds such as ducks. For more information, go to www.animalsanctuaryuk.com/adopt-sponsor/ adopt-birds.html
179 Thear, Katie (1999). Starting with Chickens: A Beginners Guide. Broad Leys Publishing Limited. Reprint edition.
180 These statistics from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology were reported in the following article: www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2010/jun/22/chemicals-bees-decline-major-study
181 To learn how to build a horizontal bee-hive perfect for beginners, go to http://permaculture.org. au/2010/06/21/home-made-bee-hives/
182 For more information about natural bee-keeping, go to www.biobees.com
183 Warren, Piers (2003). How to Store your Garden Produce. Green Books.
184 Clifford, Sue; King, Angela (2011). Community Orchards Handbook. Green Books. 2nd revised edition.
185 For more information about the Abundance project in Manchester, go to http://abundancemanchester.wordpress.com/contact
186 The Abundance Handbook: A Guide to Urban Fruit Harvesting can be found at www.growsheffield.com/pages/groshefhandb.html
187 If you would like to see a bicycle powered water pump extract water from a 90ft well at a rate of ten gallons per minute, go to https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5ux5YsqFXsw
188 Bee, Becky (2001). You Can Make The Best Hot Tub Ever. Groundworks.
189 McVicar, Jekka (1994). The Complete Herb Book. Kyle Cathie Limited. p.178.
190 Crawford, Martin (2010). Creating a Forest Garden: Working with Nature to Grow Edible Crops. Green Books. pp. 190-191
191 McGuire, Thomas (1972). The Tooth Trip. Random House – Bookworks. 1st edition.
192 Anderberg, Kirsten (2011). Oral Health, Naturally. Kirsten Anderberg.
193 For more detailed information on Sapindus drummondii, go to the Plants for a Future website at www.pfaf.org
194 For more information about Steph Hafferty and her work, go to www.stephaniehafferty.co.uk
195 Hobbes, Thomas (1651). Leviathan. Oxford Paperbacks. Reissue edition, 2008.
196 For more information about Malcolm Handoll, or Five Senses, go to www.allfivesenses.com
197 To learn how to make your own flip-flops from old carpet, blown tyres and used shopping bags, go to www.instructables.com/id/Blown-Tire-Shoes
198 Abbey, Edward (1994). Desert Solitaire. Ballantine Books Inc. Reprint edition.
199 Boyle, Mark (2010). The Moneyless Man. Oneworld: Oxford. p.83.
200 For the full article, go to http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk_politics/4953922.stm
201 For more information about Instructables, go to www.instructables.com
202 For more information about Green Tyres, go to www.greentyre.co.uk
203 Murphy, Tom (2011). ‘MPG of a Human.’ http://physics.ucsd.edu/do-the-math/2011/11/mpg-of-a-human
204 For more information about The Splinter Bike, go to www.splinterbike.co.uk
205 For more information about The Eco-shed, go to www.rammed-earth.org
206 For more information about Liftshare, or to join, go to https://www.liftshare.com/uk
207 For more information about National Car Share, or to join, go to www.nationalcarshare.co.uk
208 For more information about Freewheelers, or to join, go to www.freewheelers.com
209 For more information about Freebus, go to www.freebus.org.uk
210 For more information about Couch-surfing, or to join, go to www.couchsurfing.org
211 For more information about WarmShowers, or to join, go to www.warmshowers.org
212 For more information about Hospitality Club, go to www.hospitalityclub.org
213 For more information about Global Freeloaders, or to join, go to http://globalfreeloaders.com
214 For more information about Servas, or to join, go to http://servas.org
215 For more information about Esperanto, go to www.esperanto.net
216 For more information about Stay4Free, or to join, go to http://stay4free.com/
217 Kemp, William (2009). The Renewable Energy Handbook: The Updated Comprehensive Guide to
Renewable Energy and Independent Living
. Aztext Press.
218 Piggott, Hugh (2011). Wind Power Workshop: Building Your Own Wind Turbine. Centre for
Alternative Technology Publications. Revised edition.
219 For more information about Open Source Ecology, go to http://opensourceecology.org
220 For more information about how to make your own beeswax candles, go to http://idiotsguides. com/static/quickguides/homegarden/how_to_make_beeswax_candles.html
221 For the full report, go to www.greenpeace.org.uk/MultimediaFiles/Live/FullReport/7154.pdf
222 Boyle, Mark (2010). The Moneyless Man. Oneworld: Oxford. pp.35-36.
223 Ferguson, Sue. ‘Make your own slow cooker.’ Permaculture magazine, Issue 21. pp.22-23.
224 Denzer, Kiko (2007). Build Your Own Earth Oven. Hand Print Press.
225 To find a model of gas bottle wood-burner that suits your needs, search the Instructables website at www.instructables.com
226 Whitefield, Patrick (2004). The Earth Care Manual. Permanent Publications. p.153.
227 Ibid.
228 Congreve, Lady Celia. The Firewood Poem. Believed to have first appeared in the March 2nd 1930 edition of The Times.
229 Rosen, Nick (2007). How to Live Off-grid. Bantam Books. p.313.
230 For more information about the The Global Village Construction Set (GVCS) go to http://opensourceecology.org/gvcs.php
231 For more information about Skype, or to get a free account, go to www.skype.com
232 For more information about Open-office, go to www.openoffice.org
233 For more information about Libre Office, go to www.libreoffice.org
234 For more information about DuckDuckGo, go to http://duckduckgo.com
235 To learn more about filter bubbles, see Eli Pariser’s TED talk at www.thefilterbubble.com/ted-talk
236 For more information about using Startpage as an alternative to Google, go to https://startpage. com
237 For more information about Hushmail, go to www.hushmail.com
238 For more information about Truecrypt, go to www.truecrypt.org
239 Louv, Richard (2010). Last Child in the Woods: Saving Our Children from Nature-deficit Disorder. Atlantic Books.
240 Holt, John (1964). How Children Fail. DaCapo Press. Revised edition, 1995.
241 Holt, John (1967). How Children Learn. Penguin. New edition, 1991.
242 Illich, Ivan (1971). Deschooling Society. Marion Boyars Publishers Ltd. New edition, 1995.
243 Mountney, Ross. ‘Ross Mountney’s Notebook’. http://rossmountney.wordpress.com
244 Mountney, Ross (2008). Learning Without School. Home Education. JKP.
245 For more information about how Freeskilling works, go to www.freeskilling.org.uk
246 For more information about The Khan Academy, go to www.khanacademy.org
247 To see a talk given by Salman Khan for TED, go to www.ted.com/talks/salman_khan_let_s_use_ video_to_reinvent_education.html
248 For more information about Instructables, go to www.instructables.com
249 A cantenna is simply a beer can ‘MacGyvered’ onto your internet wireless box to increase the signal you receive.
250 To see a talk given by Bunker Roy about The Barefoot College for TED, go to www.ted.com/talks/ bunker_roy.html
251 For more information about The Barefoot College, go to www.barefootcollege.org
252 For more information about Steiner Waldorf schools, go to www.steinerwaldorf.org
253 For more information about the Montessori method, go to www.montessori.org.uk
254 For more information about The Small School, go to www.thesmallschool.org.uk
255 For more information about Schumacher College, go to www.schumachercollege.org.uk
256 For more information about Summerhill School, go to www.summerhillschool.co.uk
257 Jensen, Derrick (2006). Endgame: The Problem of Civilisation Volume I. Seven Stories Press, U.S. 1st edition. p.129.
258 Illich, Ivan (1974). Medical Nemesis: The Expropriation of Health. Marion Boyars. Paperback edition. p.16.
259 CIA (2012). ‘The World Factbook’. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-worldfactbook/ rankorder/2102rank.html
260 To view the source of this information, go to www.guardian.co.uk/environment/interactive/2011/ oct/24/howbig-worlds-population-born
261 Hawes, Zoe. www.zoehawes.co.uk/Welcome.html
262 For more information about the Ruskin Apothecary, go to www.ruskinapothecary.org.uk
263 Hawes, Zoe (2010). Wild Drugs: A Foragers Guide to Healing Plants. Gaia Books.
264 For more information about Zoe Hawes, go to www.zoehawes.co.uk
265 For more information about the research and studies carried out, go to www.umm.edu/altmed/ articles/feverfew-000243.htm
266 According to scientists at the Center for Health and Global Environment in Harvard Medical School.
267 Wong, James (2009). Grow Your Own Drugs: Easy Recipes for Natural Remedies and Beauty Treats. Collins.
268 McVicar, Jekka (2009). Jekka’s Complete Herb Book: In Association with the Royal Horticultural Society. Kyle Cathie.
269 Figures according to www.mooncup.co.uk
270 Hering, Sabine; Maierhof, Gudrun (2002). Die unpäßliche Frau: Sozialgeschichte der Menstruation und Hygiene. Mabuse-Verlag GmbH.
271 Research by The Environment Agency, for example, has shown that one third of male fish in British rivers are in the process of changing sex due to hormones, produced by the female reproductive pill, being in such high quantities in sewage.
272 Pollan, Michael (2002). The Botany of Desire: A Plant’s-eye View of the World. Bloomsbury.
273 Eisenstein, Charles. ‘Rituals for Lover Earth.’ www.realitysandwich.com/rituals_lover_earth
274 Morris, Desmond (1967). The Naked Ape: A Zoologist’s Study of the Human Animal. McGraw-Hill. 6th edition.
275 Cherrett, Nia et al. ‘Ecological Footprint and Water Analysis of Cotton, Hemp and Polyester’. Download report at www.sei-international.org/publications?pid=1694
276 For more information about Swishing, go to http://swishing.com
277 For more information about Stich ‘n Bitch, go to http://stitchnbitch.org
278 Richards, Matt (2004). Deerskins into Buckskins: How to Tan with Brain, Soap or Eggs. Backcountry Publications.
279 For full instructions on how to make a peg loom for use with sheep’s wool, read John Adams’ article ‘How To Weave A Woollen Underblanket’ in Permaculture magazine (issue 47) or at: www.permaculture.co.uk/articles/how-weave-woollen-underblanket
280 Askew, Katherine. ‘From Plant to Paintbox’. Permaculture magazine, Issue 38. pp. 6-8.
281 For more information about Streets Alive, go to www.streetsalive.org.uk
282 For more information about how to organise a street party, go to www.streetparty.org.uk
283 Hamilton, Andy (2011). Booze for Free. Eden Project Books.
284 For more information about Tennis For Free, go to http://tennisforfree.com
285 For more information about Random Acts of Kindness, go to www.randomactsofkindness.org
286 For more information about the Kindness Offensive, go to http://thekindnessoffensive.com
287 For hundreds of top documentaries free online, go to http://topdocumentaryfilms.com/ watch-online
288 For over ‘300 documentaries hand-picked to change the world’, go to www.filmsforaction.org/ walloffilms
289 For more information about The Cowley Club, go to www.cowleyclub.org.uk
290 For more information about Kebele, go to www.kebelecoop.org
291 Graeber, David (2011). Debt: The First 5,000 Years. Melville House Publishing. p.390.
292 MacKay, David J.C (2008). Sustainable Energy: Without the Hot Air. UIT.
293 Thoreau, Henry David (1849). Civil Disobedience. Public Domain Books, 1993.
294 Seldom Seen Smith and Hayduke are characters from Edward Abbey’s classic, The Monkey Wrench Gang.
295 Armstrong, Rollo et al. This quote is taken from a song by Faithless titled ‘Mass Destruction’.
296 Whitefield, Patrick (2004). The Earth Care Manual. Permanent Publication.